Relationship between perceptions of health status, needs, expectations, ability for self-care among elderly people dwelling at Community in Khet Bang Phlat in Bangkok of Thailand ดร.ดวงเนตร ธรรมกุล

ชื่อผู้ทำวิจัย :

  1. อาจารย์สมจิต นิปัทธหัตถพงศ์
  2. อาจารย์เรณู ขวัญยืน

ลักษณะผลงาน : วิจัยเชิงพรรณา    

สาขางานวิจัย : วิทยาศาสตร์สุขภาพ   

ช่วงเวลาที่ทำวิจัย : 01/10/2557 - 30/09/2559

บทคัดย่อ

Purpose: to examine the relationship between perceptions of health status, needs, expectations, ability for self-care among elderly dwelling at Community in Khet Bang Phlat in Bangkok of Thailand. Methods: Descriptive design was conducted in elderly people. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used. Data collection was carried out by using two questionnaires. The first questionnaire collected information related to general background, basic clinical examination, physical health self-reports and mental health self- reports. The second questionnaire was used in order to gather data in relation to perception on needs, expectations and self-care ability. All of questionnaires such as needs, expectations, and self-care ability were reliability coefficient at a level of .90, .93, and .93 respectively. These two questionnaires content validity had Index of item Objective Congruence equal to 0.8. The statistical analysis used in the study was descriptive statistic and Pearson correlation. Results: Majority of participants were female (65.3 %) and male (34.70%), in age between 70 to 79 years (47.2%). Nearly half of them (50.5%) scored on self- care ability, needs, and expectations were at moderate level with means of 16.40 (S.D.= 3.27), 18.85 (S.D.=2.53), 18.39 (S.D.=2.70) respectively. Conclusion: The findings were that the ability for self-care in elderly people was in moderate level and was not gender related.